1. What does "socialization" mean and what are its implications as the process of "creating a social being"? 2. What is the nature-nuture debate? 3. What are the stage theories of personality development proposed by Freud and Kohlberg? What are the interactionist theories of the formation of self? How do these theories differ? 4. What are the various contexts in which socializations occurs? What are the different agents of socialization and what effects do they have?
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1. Socialization that occurs when the child leaves the family for schooling and comes under the influence of adults and peers outside the household is known as a. primary socialization. b. secondary socialization. c. adult socialization d. resocialization. 2. In Freud's model of the personality, the functional area that incorporates the moral codes of adults is termed the a. id b. ego. c. superego. d. identity. 3. The theory that asserts that all behavior is learned is known as a. sociobiology. b. biological determinism. c. behaviorism. d. identity theory. 4. Cases of feral children, or children who have been abandoned or isolatedd in infancy, show that a. isolation in childhood does not affect later socialization. b. socialization is unnecessary for a person to lead a normal life. c. socializaiton is purely biological process. d. none of the above. 5. Comparisons of children raised in orphanages and other group settings with children raised in conventional families demonstrate the crucial role which of the following aspects of socialization? a. initial intelligence b. early childhood education c. nurturance and love d. none of the above 6. The concept of the "looking-glass self" was developed by a. Lawrence Kohlberg. b. Jean Pieaget. c. George Herbert Mead. d. Charles Horton Cooley. 7. A person who is an important figure in another person's social environment is referred to as a (an) a. significant other. b. generalized other. c. agent of socialization. d. peer. 8. The individual's concpetion of the expectations of society and its demands is termed the a. ego b. superego c. significant other d. generalized other. 9. Which of the following methods did Piaget use to discover the mental processes unique to children? a. unobtrusive measures b. controlled experiments c. stories involving moral dilemmas d. unstructured conversations. 10. Perhaps the most influential researcher of moral development was a. Ivan Pavlov. b. B.F. Skinner c. Erik Erikson. d. Lawrence Kohlberg. 11. The groups of people that influence a person's social development throughout his or her lifetime are a. a peer group. b. agents of socialization. c. the generalized other. d. resocializing agents. 12. Situations in which an individul plays at a role that he or she is likely to assume later in life are known as a. adult socialization. b. anticipatory socialization. c. peer socialization. d. primary socialization. 13. The primary agency of socialization is the a. family. b. school. c. peer group. d. mass media. 14. The attitudes and values of adolescents tend to be most strongly influenced by their a. teachers b. siblings. c. peers. d. parents. 15. Erik Erikson's theory of personality development emphasizes the concept of a. conditioning. b. identification. c. delayed gratification. d. symbolic interaction.
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