There are two things that you can do to earn extra points. 1. Bring in an outline of Chapter 6 by Wednesday, March 18th (no later than 5:00pm in my office). 2. Print out the Practice Exam questions below. Turn in the questions with the correct answers by Wednesday, March 18th (no later than 5:00pm in my office). These things will help you prepare for the exam and they will each add two bonus points to your next exam.
_____ A society in which there are rigid boundatries between the various social strata is said to have a. a closed stratification system. b. an open stratificaion system. c. upward mobility. d. downward mobility. _____ Social strata that are based primarily on economic criteria are known as a. status groups. b. castes. c. classes. d. all of the above. ____ The most basic set of forces that produce stratification is a. ideological teachings. b. the way people earn their living. c. deference and demeanor. d. conflicts among groups with different degrees of power. _____ The industrial revolution brought about a tremendous increase in a. structural mobility. b. spatial mobility. c. both a and b d. neither a nor b _____ Ideologies socialize new generations to believe that existing patterns of equality are a. discriminatory. b. legitimate. c. obsolete. d. irrelevant. _____ The use of terms of address such as "Your Highness" or "Sir" is a way of showing a. deference. b. authority. c class consciousness d. demeanor. _____ Power that is recognized as legitimate is known as a. ascribed status b. achieved status. c. deference. d. authority. _____ According to Karl Marx, a class that has a visible, specific relatiohsip to the means of production is a. a caste. b. an open stratification system. c. an objective class. d. a subjective class. _____ Highly educated professionals tend to identify themselves as members of the a. upper class. b. professional class. c. upper-middle class. d. upper-working class. _____ People whose income is derived from small businesses form a segment of the a. upper class b. middle class c. working class. d. lower class. _____ The most diverse class in racial and ethnic terms is the a. upper class b. upper-middle class. c. middle class. d. working class _____ When people say that they believe in equality, they usually mean a. equality of opportunity. b. equality of result. c. gender equality. d. all of the above. _____ According to HErbert Gans, poverty has "positive" functions in that it a. ensures that society's dirty work will be done. b. forces people to work at low wages and thereby subsidize the upper classes. c. creates jobs for people who serve the poor or protect the rest of society from them. d. all of the above. True/False _____ Castes are social strata into which people are born and in which they remain for life. _____ The mechanization of agricutlture increased the number of people needed to work on the land, thereby creating a new class of farm laborers. _____ Demeanor refers to such clues as body language, dress, speech, and manners, which indicate how much respect we believe we deserve. _____ The distribution of wealth and income is more equal than that of educational attainment and occupational prestige. _____ Most differences in educational attainment are explained by the pressure placed on children by upper-middle-class parents.
Albert Benschop's Alphabetical Bibliography on Social Class:
International Stratification and Mobility File:
Ed Brown's Resource Information: Development Theory:
Other Chapter Reviews::