Chapter 6



There are two things that you can do to earn extra points.

1.  Bring in an outline of Chapter 6 by Wednesday, March 18th (no later than
    5:00pm in my office).  

2.  Print out the Practice Exam questions below.  Turn in the questions with
    the correct answers by Wednesday, March 18th (no later than 5:00pm in my

These things will help you prepare for the exam and they will each add two bonus 
points to your next exam.

Practice Exam Questions

_____  A society in which there are rigid boundatries between the various social strata
       is said to have
       a.  a closed stratification system.
       b.  an open stratificaion system.
       c.  upward mobility.
       d.  downward mobility.

_____  Social strata that are based primarily on economic criteria are known as
       a.  status groups.
       b.  castes.
       c.  classes.
       d.  all of the above.

____  The most basic set of forces that produce stratification is
       a.  ideological teachings.
       b.  the way people earn their living.
       c.  deference and demeanor.
       d.  conflicts among groups with different degrees of power.

_____  The industrial revolution brought about a tremendous increase in
       a.  structural mobility.
       b.  spatial mobility.
       c.  both a and b
       d.  neither a nor b

_____  Ideologies socialize new generations to believe that existing patterns of
       equality are
       a.  discriminatory.
       b.  legitimate.
       c.  obsolete.
       d.  irrelevant.

_____  The use of terms of address such as "Your Highness" or "Sir" is a way of
       a.  deference.
       b.  authority.
       c   class consciousness
       d.  demeanor.

_____  Power that is recognized as legitimate is known as
       a.  ascribed status
       b.  achieved status.
       c.  deference.
       d.  authority.

_____  According to Karl Marx, a class that has a visible, specific relatiohsip
       to the means of production is
       a.  a caste.
       b.  an open stratification system.
       c.  an objective class.
       d.  a subjective class.

_____  Highly educated professionals tend to identify themselves as members
       of the
       a.  upper class.
       b.  professional class.
       c.  upper-middle class.
       d.  upper-working class.

_____  People whose income is derived from small businesses form a segment of the
       a.  upper class
       b.  middle class
       c.  working class.
       d.  lower class.

_____  The most diverse class in racial and ethnic terms is the
       a.  upper class
       b.  upper-middle class.
       c.  middle class. 
       d.  working class

_____  When people say that they believe in equality, they usually mean
       a.  equality of opportunity.
       b.  equality of result.
       c.  gender equality.
       d.  all of the above.

_____  According to HErbert Gans, poverty has "positive" functions in that it
       a.  ensures that society's dirty work will be done.
       b.  forces people to work at low wages and thereby subsidize the upper classes.
       c.  creates jobs for people who serve the poor or protect the rest of society from 
       d.  all of  the above.


_____  Castes are social strata into which people are born and in which they remain
       for life.

_____  The mechanization of agricutlture increased the number of people needed to
       work on the land, thereby creating a new class of farm laborers.

_____  Demeanor refers to such clues as body language, dress, speech, and manners,
       which indicate how much respect we believe we deserve.

_____  The distribution of wealth and income is more equal than that of educational
       attainment and occupational prestige.

_____  Most differences in educational attainment are explained by the pressure placed
       on children by upper-middle-class parents.   

Internet Links

Albert Benschop's Alphabetical Bibliography on Social Class:
International Stratification and Mobility File:
Ed Brown's Resource Information: Development Theory:
Other Chapter Reviews::
Home Page::

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