SOCIOLOGY 131
EXAM 2 REVIEW SHEET



Use the following questions to guide your studying.  Do not simply search through the
textbook or the glossary to find the definitions of key terms - that will not help you
to do well on the exam.  Instead, focus on trying to understand the ideas that are 
being conveyed. There will be 50 multiple choice questions on the exam.  Good Luck!




What is social stratification?
Where do systems of stratification originate?
What are the three components of stratification?
What is the difference between and open and closed system?
What are the different types of social mobility?
What is the difference between caste and class systems?
What is an ascribed status?  What is an achieved status?
What are status groups?  What are status symbols?
What are life chances?
What social forces produce stratification?
Where do most people in the nonindustrial world today live (i.e., urban, 
     suburban, or rural areas)?
What social institutions increased in importance as a result of the Industrial 
     Revolution?
What factors determine your position in the stratification system?
What is ideology?  How does it function in the process of socialization?  
     Why do people accept their place in society?  What different types 
     of ideologies exist?
What are deference and demeanor?  Why are they important and how do they link the
     macro and micro levels?
What is power?  What two types of power exist?
What happened in the French Revolution and why was it important?
What are the characteristics of capitalism?
What was the “great transformation”?
What are the classes in society according to Karl Marx?  Which class is the 
     largest?  What are the relative size of the classes?  Who is the “reserve army”?  
     What do the terms “objective class” and “subjective class” mean?  What is class 
     consciousness?  What is false consciousness?  What is a ‘classless’ society?
How does Weber’s view of stratification differ from Marx?  How are people stratified
    in society?
What are the three theoretical perspectives in sociology?  What are the three 
    assumptions they make about the social world?  What are the guiding questions 
    of each perspective?  How does functionalism explain inequality?  How does 
    conflict theory explain inequality?  How does interactionism explain inequality?
What are the consequences of the emergence of a world economic system?
Where do the majority of the poor live? Who are the working poor?  What effects does
	poverty have on children?  What are the differences between welfare myths and
	reality?  


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