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Chapter 11:
Divorce and Remarriage




TEST ITEMS
True/False Questions

1.The 1990 divorce rate is nearly double the divorce rate of the 1860's.

2.The most important predictor of divorce during the early years of marriage is the age of partners.

3.The probability of divorce is negatively correlated with income.

4.Among industrial nations, the U.S. has both the highest marriage rate and the highest divorce rate.

5.Divorce rates tend to increase during times of economic depression or recession.

6.There is no significant variance in the divorce rate across racial and ethnic groups in the U.S.

7.The younger children are when their parents divorce, the more likely they are to have adjustment problems.

8.Divorced women remarry at the same rate as divorced men.

9.Children appear to adjust better after divorce when they live with a same-sex parent.

10.The most problematic aspect of ramarriage is in relations with stepchildren.

Multiple-Choice Questions
1.Which of the following is an observable historical trend in the U.S. divorce rate?
a.There are generally increases in teh divorce rate during recessions and depression.
b.The divorce rate began rising steadily around 1960.
c.Contemporary U.S. divorce rates are lower than those of other nations that report divorce data.
d.Divorce rates have increased after U.S. involvement in wars.

2.Since the early 1980's, the U.S. divorce rate
a.has declined.
b.has increased.
c.has established at pre-World War II rates.
d.is unpredictable.

3.Which of the following countries has the highest divorce rate?
a.Sweden.
b.Japan.
c.Netherlands.
d.United States.

4.The strongest predictor of divorce within the first five years of marriage is
a.the presence of children./
b.educational attainment of spouses.
c.age at first marriage.
d.religiosity.

5.In terms of family chaaracteristics and divorce, research has found that marital stability
a.increases with family size up to three children.
b.decreases in families with five or more children.
c.can be jeopardized in remarriages by the presence of stepchildren.
d.all of the above.

6.An explanation for the highest divorce rate amoung couples offered in the text is
a.sexual dysfunction.
b.premarital pregnancy as the preceptor of marriage.
c.infidelity.
d.poor cooking ability among wives.

7.Evidence shows that more stable marriages are
a.formed at older ages.
b.found in volutary childless couples.
c.heterogamous.
d.all of the above.

8.According to the text, the most realistic method of measuring the divorce is to
a.count the number of divorces per thousand marriages in a given year.
b.divide the number of divorces in a year by the number of existing marriages.
c.compare the number of marriages in a given year to the number of divorces in the same year.
d.all of the above methods produce the same results.

9. A plausible explanation for the relationship between family size and marital stability is
a.couples with many children have extra help with stressful domestic chores.
b.solo children often cause parents to take sides against each other in arguments.
c.unhappy couples may decide to stay together while children are in the home.
d.all of the above.

10.Research indicates that the relationship between divrce and income is
a.positive and linear.
b.curvilinear.
c.insignificant.
d.inverse.

11.The divorce rate among mixed-race couples is
a.lower than the national average.
b.higher than the rate for intraracial marriages.
c.elevated when the relationship involves a White woman married to a Black man.
d.approximately the same as the rate for racially homogamous marriages.

12.Divorce is most likely in which of the following income groups?
a.High income.
b.Middle income.
c.Low income.
d.The divorce rate is similar across income groups.

13.According to statistics, marital instability in the U.S. is most likely in which racial group?
a.Whites.
b.Hispanics.
c.Blacks.
d.Asians.



14.According to the discussion of race and divorce in the text,
a.marital instability among Blacks is strongly related to economic difficulties faced by many Black couples.
b.the similarities between Hispanic and White patterns of divorce are stronger than those between Hispanics and Blacks.
c.divorce rates among Hispanic groups vary substantially.
d.all of the above.

15.The differences in Black-White divorce rates are best explained sociologically as a function of
a.cultural differences in the expectations of marriage across races.
b.significant differences in occupation and income across groups.
c.religious differences across groups.
d.all of the above.